Road Accident is a serious issue for India and also over the many parts of the world due to road conditions, rules, and people’s neglection. In India more than 1.5 lakh people killed in such road accidents that cause a huge loss in GDP around 56 Billion Annually. To Reduce such accidents currently Indian Both House Passed Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2019 in July Session.
In terms of road accidents, the National Highways accounted for 30.4 percent of total road accidents and 36.0 percent of death in 2018. Accidents on State Highways and other roads constitute 25 percent and 44.6 percent respectively. In the case of a fatality, State Highways and other roads accounted for 26.9 percent and 37.1 percent of total road accident deaths, respectively.
Registered Motor Vehicles in India
Sustained economic growth and increased per capita income have led to the rapid growth of motorized vehicles in India. There were 230 million registered vehicles in India as on 31st March 2016. The total number of registered motor vehicles in the country grew at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.9 percent between 2006 and 2016.
Among the different category of vehicles, the highest CAGR of 10.1 percent each were recorded by two-wheelers and cars, jeeps and taxis. Good vehicles and buses recorded CAGR of 9.0 percent and 5.9 percent, respectively. Composition of the vehicular population in 2016 shows the highest share of two-wheelers (73.5%) followed by cars, jeeps, and taxis (13.1%), other vehicles (8.1%), goods vehicle (4.6%) and buses (0.8%)
Road Network in India
Road network in India, of about 56 lakh km on March 2016, is one of the largest in the world. The country’s road network consists of National Highways, State Highways, Districts roads, Rural, and Village roads. Over the years, there has been a consistent improvement in the road network across the country through the construction of new roads and up-gradation of the existing roads.
India’s road density at 1.7 km/sq.km of the area was higher than that of many developed countries though surfaced/paved road constituting 62.5 percent of the total road length is comparatively lower than that of developed countries. National Highways constitute 1.80 percent of the total road length of the country in 2016. The balance road networks comprise State Highways (3.1%), District Roads (10.0%), Rural Roads (70.2%), Urban Roads (9.1%) and Project Roads (5.7%).